Performing photography while the amount of light is very negligible is not a simple task for any photographer; however, your camera can snap the subjects in those conditions too, but the most unwelcome issue will be the image quality that may not be upto the standard. This is the major issue that a beginner face with and not only beginners even the professional photographers with required knowledge often fails to capture the best shot of the subjects at a single click. To get the best snapshots of the desired subjects he has to try many times to acquire the perfect one. But with some handful amounts of knowledge and ideas one can able to snap stunning shots even in the lowlight conditions, indoor shooting, for instance.
In general, the only thing the entry-level photographers know is ‘to get better photos in lowlight one has to expand the ISO range of the camera’. Yes, it’s of course right, but increasing ISO is not the overall solution, there are still a lot of things remains to be done to get the exceptional imaging results in bad light conditions. Let’s see what those are…
Aperture- Before knowing the use of aperture you should know what actually aperture is? Aperture is defined as the amount of light enters onto the lens. Usually, lens apertures are represented by f/stops and when your shooting requires more light than the current setting (for example f/3.5), then decreasing the lens aperture to a lower value that is shifting the aperture ring from F/3.5 to F/2.8 will be an intelligent work. Or in other words, decreasing the aperture means plenty of lights will be able to enter to the lens and in this way you are independent to use the faster shutter speed of the camera to freeze the subjects in motion.
Also, the aperture affects the depth of the field “the more the aperture the greater will be the depth of field” and as a result the background will appear more creamy and the desired results will be appeared much sharper.
Shutter speed- The basic use of shutter speed is to freeze the actions of the fast moving subjects accurately, for instance, running tiger or the bird flying at her best speed. When you go to buy a camera for sports photography, then you will surely be recommended to buy a camera with maximum shutter speed because the fast moving action of the subjects will be accurately captured into the camera (with faster shutter speed), otherwise, slow shutter can lead the cause of blurry images.
You should know that faster shutter speed is only possible during bad light environment, when you are using premium quality of zoom lenses with fixed aperture throughout the zoom range or you can also look for prime lenses with bright aperture range, all the mentioned lenses will allow photographers to use the faster shutter speed possible at the moment while entering the maximum amount of light to the sensor.
ISO- Every time we write the camera with more expandable ISO range is great for lowlight shooting, but images are more vulnerable to noise with increasing ISO value of the camera. In general, professional photographers suggest going with lower ISO, if possible, means if the amount of light is sufficient to capture the subjects no need to use the higher ISO value. The higher the number more will be the noise.
However, there are some good noise reduction software programs available online and with the help of these software programs you can easily eliminate the ugly noise from your images. One another thing about ISO is that when a photographer has to take photos in lowlight then along with high ISO sensitivities the faster shutter is also required so that correct exposures can be happily achieved.
Ultimately, one can snap stunning quality of images even in lowlight, but to do this, he has to gain accurate knowledge of photography and that can only be done by a perfect practice.